AR Quadrigatus or Didrachm
circa 225-214 BC
Head of Janus, laureate, with slight whiskers indicated by two locks of hair
Jupiter hurling thunderbolt with right hand and holding sceptre in left, in quadriga right, driven by Victory; horses galloping; l below, on tablet, ROMA (incuse)
24.38mm, 6.4g, 6h
EF, fine style, broad flan, traces of overstriking on another quadrigatus on reverse, attractive cabinet toning
ex Numismatica Ars Classica Auction 114, Part I (7 May 2019), Lot 371
The quadrigatus was issued by the Roman Republic during the 3rd century BC before the standardisation of the denarius. On the obverse is Janus, the god of beginnings and endings. He is represented as having two faces in opposite directions, one looking into the future, the other looking into the past. On the reverse, is Jupiter, the king of the gods, and the equivalent of the greek god Zeus. He is shown riding on a quadriga, a chariot driven by four hourses, for which this coin derives its name.