Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy,  466-405 BC, AR Tetradrachm, Arethusa, struck  c. 430-420 BC
Ruler/Emperor:
Second Democracy
City/Region:
Sicily, Syracuse
Denomination:
Tetradrachm
Composition:
Silver
Date:
circa 430-420 BC.
Obverse:
Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses
Reverse:
ΣVP-A-[KO]-ΣI-[ON], large head of Artemis-Arethusa right, wearing necklace and earring, hair tied back in a sakkos; four dolphins around swimming clockwise
Size:
25.15mm, 17.4g, 2h
Grade:
aVF, well centred, cabinet-toned, casing sprue remnant,
Provenance:
From the collection of W. F. Stoecklin, Amriswil, Switzerland, acquired from Etienne Bourgey in Paris during the 1920s or 1930s, ex Nomos AC Oblos Auction 8 (2 December 2017), Lot 108
References:
Boehringer 670 (V338/R457); SNG ANS 220; SNG Copenhagen 659 (all same dies); HGC 2, 1311; cf. SGCV I 925

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders


Pedigreed coin from an old collection. The die-engravers of Sicily, Syracuse were responsible for the finest art to found on a coin, whether by ancient or modern standards. Such coins are coveted by collectors and unsurprisingly fall outside a budget available to many collectors.

The Deinomenid tyrants ruled Sicily, Syracuse from 485-465 BC. The tyrant rulers comprised the brothers Gelon I (ruled 485 BC-478 BC), Hieron I (478 BC-466 BC) and Thrasybulus (466-465 BC), all sons of Deinomenes. Legend has it that Deinomenes was told by an oracle that each of his sons were destined to become tyrants. When the Deinomenid tyrant Thrasybulus was overthrown, Syracuse became a republic for sixty years. This period from 466-405 BC is known as the Second Democracy.