Sicily, Syracuse, Deinomenid Tyrrany, Time of Hieron I, 478-466 BC, AR Tetradrachm, Arethusa, struck c. 480-475 BC
City/Region:
Sicily, Syracuse
Denomination:
Tetradrachm
Composition:
Silver
Date:
480-475 BC
Obverse:
Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses
Reverse:
ΣVRAKOΣION, Head of Artemis-Arethusa right, wearing beaded necklace, earring, hair slightly waved and turned up behind under diadem of beads; four dolphins around swimming clockwise
Size:
25.56mm, 16.8g, 11h
Grade:
Choice gVF-aEF, old cabinet toning, die break on reverse
Provenance:
ex Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG (July 2006)
References:
Boehringer 168 (V74/R117; SNG ANS 52 (same obv. die); Randazzo 338 (same)

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders


An attractive example of classical numismatic art at its finest. The die-engravers of Sicily, Syracuse were responsible for the finest art to found on a coin, whether by ancient or modern standards. Such coins are coveted by collectors and unsurprisingly fall outside what is affordable to many collectors.

The Deinomenid tyrants ruled Sicily, Syracuse from 485-465 BC. The tyrant rulers comprised the brothers Gelon I (ruled 485 BC-478 BC), Hieron I (478 BC-466 BC) and Thrasybulus (466 BC-465 BC), all sons of Deinomenes. Legend has it that Deinomenes was told by an oracle that each of his sons were destined to become tyrants.