Macedon, Chalkidian League
circa 370 BC
Laureate head of Apollo right
16.56mm, 4.63g, 8h
VF, dark brown-green patina
ex Classical Numismatic Group eAuction 412 (17 January 2018), Lot 69; ex Classical Numismatic Group Electronic Auction 222 (11 November 2009), Lot 55
HGC Plate Coin: this coin is used for an illustration on page 195 of the Handbook of Greek Coinage, volume 3 (Coins of Macedon and its Neighbours)
The Chalkidian League was a federal state on the Chalcidice peninsula, which existed from circa 430 BC and until 348 BC when it was destroyed by Philip II of Macedon. Its was created during the first phase of the Peloponnesian War by several cities of Chalcidice, whose inhabitants abandoned those cities and moved to Olynthos to form a single state, calling themselves ‘Chalcidians’. The League continued to expand to include other city states. By the time Philip sized and destroyed Olynthos, ending the League, it had grown to include 34 cities.