Kingdom of Macedon, Philip II, AE18, Pi A and Torch Control Mark, 359-336 BC
Ruler/Emperor:
Philip II
City/Region:
Macedon, uncertain mint
Denomination:
AE20
Composition:
Bronze
Date:
359-336 BC
Obverse:
Young male head, hair bound with taenia, facing right
Reverse:
ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Naked youthful horseman advancing right; ΠA and race torch (alternatively described as Φ or koppa) control marks beneath horse
Size:
18mm, 6.64 g, 4h
Grade:
gVF, dark green patina, shiny surfaces
Rarity:
rare
Provenance:
ex Classical Numismatic Group 425 (25 July 2018), Lot 33
References:
SNG ANS 950; Drama 76; SNG Alpha Bank -; SNG München -; SNG Copenhagen -; SNG Saroglos -; Müller -; Portolos Collection -; Hersh Collection -; HGC 3, 885; SGCV II 6696-6698 var. (control marks);

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders


Philip II of Macedon was King of Macedon and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III Arrhidaeus. The bronze series of this type is extensive and differentiated principally by the different symbols and letters which appear on the reverse and occasionally on the obverse. These symbols and letters, known as control marks, were used to identify the officials responsible for a particular issue of coinage.