Severus Alexander, 222-235 AD, Cilicia, Mallus, AE Medallion, struck 225-230 AD
City/Region:
Cilicia, Aegeae
Denomination:
AE Medallion
Composition:
Bronze
Date:
225-230 AD
Obverse:
[ΑΥΤ Κ Μ Α СƐΟ ΑΡΧ [С?] ΑΛƐΞΑΝΔΡΟΝ], Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust of Severus Alexander, right, holding eagle-tipped sceptre
Reverse:
[...ΠΙϹ ΘƐ ΑΛƐΞ ΝƐΩΚΟΡΟΥ ΑΙΓƐΩΝ..], Emperor standing facing, looking left, holding serpent-staff and patera over lighted altar, in front of Asclepius standing facing, looking right, resting on serpent-staff; to right, the City personification standing, left, crowning him with wreath from behind
Size:
38.08mm, 24g, 11h
Grade:
F, struck on medallic flan, attractive patina, earthen deposits
Rarity:
extremely rare, no examples in online auction archives; one specimen recorded by Hayman; none in collections of British Museum, American Numismatic Association etc.
Provenance:
found in an uncleaned lot of large roman coins acquired by Ancient Coin Traders in 2006
References:
RPC Online VI 7237 = Haymann 174 =Ziegler 1394; SNG Copenhagen -; BMC Lycaonia -; Lindgren -; SGICV -;

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders


Extremely rare medallion of Severus Alexander. This medallion was issued to commemorate a special event, possibly a visit by the emperor to the Temple of Asclepius in Aegeae, the most famous temple for the worship of Asclepius in Asia Minor at that time.

Severus Alexander was Roman Emperor from 222 to 235 AD. He was the last emperor of the Severan dynasty. His death marked the beginning of the Crisis of the Third Century, during which the Roman Empire would almost crumble. He was assassinated in 235 AD by mutinous soldiers paving the way for Maximus to become Roman Emperor.