Septimius Severus, 193-211 AD, AE25, Coele-Syria, Heliopolis, Temple of Jupiter
Ruler/Emperor:
Septimius Severus
City/Region:
Coele-Syria, Heliopolis
Denomination:
AE25
Composition:
Bronze
Date:
193-211 AD
Obverse:
IMP L SEPT S–EV PERT [AVG], Bust of Septimius Severus, laureate and cuirassed, wearing paludamentum, right
Reverse:
Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus seen front and side; it has numerous columns, stands on a podium and is approached by a flight of steps in front; above, I O M H; beneath, COL HEL
Size:
25.34mm, 10.81g, 1h
Grade:
aVF, green patina
Rarity:
very rare
Provenance:
Pedigreed:From the François Righetti Collection; ex Classical Numismatic Group eAuction 407 (11 October 2017), Lot 303; ex Classical Numismatic Group eAuction 198 (5 November 2008), Lot 197
References:
Sawaya 64 (D17/R28); Classical Numismatic Group Triton X (9 January 2007), Lot 664 (same obverse die); Price-Trell 702; BMC Galatia [Heliopolis] p. 290, 2-3 var. (obverse legend); SNG München 1031 var. (same); Lindgren III 1271 var. (same, draped bust); SNG Copenhagen 429 var. (same)

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders


Pedigreed coin from the Francois Righetti Collection, featuring the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus, whose ruins still exist today in modern day Baalbek, Lebanon.

The reverse legend of the coin, IOMH is abbreviation for 'Jovi Optimo Maximo Helipolitano', the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus Helipolitanus, the largest temple in Roman times. It was dedicated to the Roman Zeus, and more specifically, the epithet known as Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus. It served as an oracle in ancient times, notably predicting that the emperor Trajan would not return from his expedition against the Parthian Empire.