Thebes, Boeotia, AR Stater, 368-364 BC
Ruler/Emperor:
Struck under the magistrate Kaβi
City/Region:
Thebes, Boeotia
Denomination:
AR Stater
Composition:
Silver
Date:
368-364 BC
Obverse:
Boeotian shield
Reverse:
KA-BI (Magistrate's name in abbreviated form), Amphora, the upper part fluted
Size:
21.63g, 11.8g, 2h (die-axis relative to obverse orientation in photo)
Grade:
VF, nicely toned, attractive lustre, scratches, obverse off centre, some roughness on obverse
Provenance:
ex Classical Numismatic Group eAuction 399, Lot 156
Reference:
SNG Copenhagen 339; BMC Central Greece 150; Hepworth 61; BCD Boiotia 539; HGC 4 1333; SGCV I 2398 var. (control marks, corn-grain above)

The ancient city of Thebes in Boeotia (or "Boiotia) was an arch rival to Athens. The Thebians sided with Xerxes and his Persian forces during the second Persian invasion of Greece (480–479 BC). Although they supported Sparta during the Peloponnesian war (431 BC – 404 BC), they turned against their former allies, ending the Spartan power at the Battle of Leuctra (371 BC) and becoming the most powerful state in Greece. Later, the Thebians were famously defeated by Philip II of Macedon and Alexander the Great at the Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC), in which their most elite forces (the Sacred Band of Thebes) fell. Two years later, Alexander the Great finished the job by destroying Thebes entirely.

Note: Dating of this coin is taken from BCD Boiotia. SNG Copenhagen gives a wider date span for this series.