Sicily, Syracuse, Second Democracy,  466-405 BC, AR Tetradrachm, Arethusa, struck c. 450-440 BC
Second Democracy
Sicily, Syracuse
circa 450-440 BC
Charioteer, holding kentron and reins, driving slow quadriga right; above, Nike flying right, crowning horses; in exergue, ketos (sea-serpent) right
ΣVRAKOΣI-ON, large head of Artemis-Arethusa right, wearing pearl necklace with pendant, hoop earring with small pendant, hair tied back in a thin band, wrapped around head three times ; four dolphins around swimming clockwise
24.97mm, 17.4g, 11h
Choice aEF, well centered, cabinet toning,
ex Dr. Busso Peus Nachf Auction 420 (1 November 2017), Lot 1043; ex Fritz Rudolf Künker GmbH & Co. KG Auction 46 (1999), Lot 34
Boehringer 571 (V287/R391); SNG ANS 184; Bement 79; Jameson 769; Pozzi 581 (all same dies); HGC 2, 1311; cf. SGCV I 925; SNG Copenhagen -; Weber -

List of references used by Ancient Coin Traders

One of the few obverse types showing the heads of all four houses. An exceptional example of classical numismatic art at its finest. The die-engravers of Sicily, Syracuse were responsible for the finest art to found on a coin, whether by ancient or modern standards. Such coins are coveted by collectors and unsurprisingly fall outside a budget available to many collectors.

The Deinomenid tyrants ruled Sicily, Syracuse from 485-465 BC. The tyrant rulers comprised the brothers Gelon I (ruled 485 BC-478 BC), Hieron I (478 BC-466 BC) and Thrasybulus (466-465 BC), all sons of Deinomenes. Legend has it that Deinomenes was told by an oracle that each of his sons were destined to become tyrants. When the Deinomenid tyrant Thrasybulus was overthrown, Syracuse became a republic for sixty years. This period from 466-405 BC is known as the Second Democracy.