Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos
Egypt, Ptolemaic Kingdom, Alexandria mint
66-65 BC (regnal year 16)
Diademed head of Ptolemy right, wearing aegis
ΠΤΟΛΕΜΑΙΟΥ ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ, Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; in field to left, regnal date LIC; in field to right, ΠA
23.70mm, 13.5g, 12h
VF, attractive toning
ex Athena Numismatics (formerly Holyland Coins)(2006)
An affordance Ptolemaic tetradrachm
The Ptolemaic Kingdom of Egypt was founded in 305 BC by Ptolemy I Soter, former General to Alexander the Great. At its peak it covered a large geographic area with Alexandria as its capital city. The Kingdom ended with the death of Cleopatra in 30 BC.
Ptolemy XII, Neos Dionysos, nicknamed Auletes ("the flute-player") was the illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX. He was proclaimed King after Ptolemy XI was removed from the throne by the Alexandrians. A weak ruler, he was soon lost the throne, but regained it again with help from the Romans. The Romans assisted in restoring him to the throne because his creditors there realised that unless they did so, they would not recover the money which had been loaned to him.