Kingdom of Macedon, Philip II, AE18, Head Left, Bull Forepart Control Mark, 359-336 BC
Ruler/Emperor:
Philip II
City/Region:
Macedon, uncertain mint
Denomination:
AE18
Composition:
Bronze
Date:
359-336 BC
Obverse:
Young male head, hair bound with taenia, facing left
Reverse:
ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Naked youthful horseman advancing right; bull forepart control mark beneath horse
Size:
18.34mm, 6.7g, 2h
Grade:
aVF, dark patina, thick flan, obverse off-centre, several scrapes
Reference:
SNG ANS 863; SNG Berry 370; Drama 30; Sear 6699; HGC 3, 884; SNG Copenhagen -

Philip II of Macedon was King of Macedon and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III Arrhidaeus. The bronze series of this type is extensive and differentiated principally by the different symbols and letters which appear on the reverse and occasionally on the obverse. These symbols and letters, known as control marks, were used to identify the officials responsible for a particular issue of coinage.