Kingdom of Macedon, Philip II, AE18, AI Control Mark, 359-336 BC
Ruler/Emperor:
Philip II
City/Region:
Macedon, uncertain mint
Denomination:
AE18
Composition:
Bronze
Date:
359-336 BC
Obverse:
Young male head, hair bound with taenia, facing right
Reverse:
ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ, Naked youthful horseman advancing right; AI control mark beneath horse
Size:
17.59mm, 5.5g, 9h
Grade:
aVF, attractive light-green patina with earthen fill, flaky patina on reverse
Reference:
SNG Alpha Bank 397; SNG ANS 896-7; SNG Copenhagen 589; Müller 286; Drama 48; cf. Sear 6696-8

Philip II of Macedon was King of Macedon and father of Alexander the Great and Philip III Arrhidaeus. The bronze series of this type is extensive and differentiated principally by the different symbols and letters which appear on the reverse and occasionally on the obverse. These symbols and letters, known as control marks, were used to identify the officials responsible for a particular issue of coinage.